In this tutorial, How to use arping command on Linux. It is like ping command in Linux. but for local network only. arping command operates at a lower networking level.
How to use arping command on Linux
arping command was already installed on Linux, but you need to install it as below:
sudo apt install arping
sudo pacman -Sy arping
The simple way to use arping command with an IP address.
sudo arping 192.168.1.19You can use the -c (count) option to tell arping to stop after a set number of requests.
sudo arping -c 3 192.168.1.19Specify Network Interface
sudo arping -c 3 -I enp3s0 192.168.1.19
Specify Source MAC Address
sudo arping -c 7 -s xxxxx.x.x.x.x.x.x.xx 192.168.1.19Specify Source IP Address
sudo arping -c 7 -s 192.168.1.12 192.168.1.19
arping help page
[email protected]:~$ arping --help
ARPing 2.21, by Thomas Habets <[email protected]>
usage: arping [ -0aAbdDeFpPqrRuUv ] [ -w <sec> ] [ -W <sec> ] [ -S <host/ip> ]
[ -T <host/ip ] [ -s <MAC> ] [ -t <MAC> ] [ -c <count> ]
[ -C <count> ] [ -i <interface> ] [ -m <type> ] [ -g <group> ]
[ -V <vlan> ] [ -Q <priority> ] <host/ip/MAC | -B>
-0 Use this option to ping with source IP address 0.0.0.0. Use this
when you haven't configured your interface yet. Note that this
may get the MAC-ping unanswered. This is an alias for -S
-a Audiable ping.
-A Only count addresses matching requested address (This *WILL*
break most things you do. Only useful if you are arpinging many
hosts at once. See arping-scan-net.sh for an example).
-b Like -0 but source broadcast source address (255.255.255.255).
Note that this may get the arping unanswered since it's not nor-
mal behavior for a host.
-B Use instead of host if you want to address 255.255.255.255.
Only send count requests.
Only wait for this many replies, regardless of -c and -w.
-d Find duplicate replies. Exit with 1 if there are answers from
two different MAC addresses.
-D Display answers as exclamation points and missing packets as dots.
-e Like -a but beep when there is no reply.
-F Don't try to be smart about the interface name. (even if this
switch is not given, -i overrides smartness)
setgid() to this group instead of the nobody group.
-h Displays a help message and exits.
Use the specified interface.
Type of timestamp to use for incoming packets. Use -vv when
pinging to list available ones.
-q Does not display messages, except error messages.
-Q pri 802.1p priority to set. Should be used with 802.1Q (-V).
Defaults to 0.
-r Raw output: only the MAC/IP address is displayed for each reply.
-R Raw output: Like -r but shows "the other one", can be combined
-s MAC Set source MAC address. You may need to use -p with this.
-S IP Like -b and -0 but with set source address. Note that this may
get the arping unanswered if the target does not have routing to
the IP. If you don't own the IP you are using, you may need to
turn on promiscious mode on the interface (with -p). With this
switch you can find out what IP-address a host has without tak-
ing an IP-address yourself.
-t MAC Set target MAC address to use when pinging IP address.
-T IP Use -T as target address when pinging MACs that won't respond to
a broadcast ping but perhaps to a directed broadcast.
To check the address of MAC-A, use knowledge of MAC-B and IP-B.
$ arping -S <IP-B> -s <MAC-B> -p <MAC-A>
-p Turn on promiscious mode on interface, use this if you don't
"own" the MAC address you are using.
-P Send ARP replies instead of requests. Useful with -U.
-u Show index=received/sent instead of just index=received when
-U Send unsolicited ARP.
-v Verbose output. Use twice for more messages.
-V num 802.1Q tag to add. Defaults to no VLAN tag.
-w sec Specify a timeout before ping exits regardless of how many
packets have been sent or received.
-W sec Time to wait between pings.
Report bugs to: [email protected]
Arping home page: <http://www.habets.pp.se/synscan/>
Development repo: http://github.com/ThomasHabets/arping
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